Spreadtrum |Huishan Tea Party Theme Special Exhibition
展览时间 Exhibition time
截止2023.02.19 As of 2023.02.19
展览地址 Exhibition address
Exhibition hall on the first floor of the west area of Wuxi Museum
The second spring in the world is Huishan Stone Spring in Huishan Ancient Town, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province.
Ever since Lu Yu, the tea sage, named it "the second in the world", Huishan Shiquan has become a place for literati to taste tea and discuss Taoism. There is Su Shi's Yixing of "bringing the small moon in the sky alone to try the second spring in the world", there is Wen Zhengming's "Huishan Tea Party Picture" in the green brush and ink, and there is Zhao Mengfu's unrestrained writing of "the second spring in the world" …Today, the Huishan Tea Party has become a unique cultural symbol, spread far and wide overseas.
The "Test the Second Spring in the World-Huishan Tea Party Humanistic Theme Special Exhibition" held by Wuxi Museum was originally scheduled to end on January 4, 2023. In order to meet the needs of more tourists, it was decided to postpone the exhibition until 2023 February 19th! Exquisite and unique exhibition design, many treasures are exhibited on the same stage, and more than 100 exquisite cultural relics show the millennium development history of Wuxi tea culture, allowing the audience to appreciate the elegance and charm of the Huishan Tea Party.
The exhibition is divided into four units: "Famous in the Mountains", "Famous People Gathering in Famous Mountains", "Returning to the Mountains to Brew New Tea", and "New Teas to Introduce Fashion". cultural influence.
Tea Style and Tin Rhyme Spread OverseasTea Style and Tin Rhyme Spread Overseas
此壶以瓜为壶体，瓜蒂为壶盖，瓜蔓为壶把，瓜叶盘旋成壶嘴，造型生动自然，独具匠心。壶身题词“仿得东陵式 盛来雪乳香 鸣远”，并压铃阳文篆体“陈鸣远”方印。
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Wuxi tea culture, with Yangxian Zisha tea set and Yangxian tea as the material carrier, was highly respected and spread overseas through the Maritime Silk Road.
The Dongling Pumpkin Pot in this exhibition is a treasure of Yixing Zisha Hu in Wuxi, made by Chen Mingyuan, a famous craftsman in the Qing Dynasty who is known as the "Master of Flower Vessels", and is now in the collection of Nanjing Museum.
This pot uses melon as the body, melon pedicle as the lid, melon vines as the handle, and melon leaves spiraling into the spout. The shape is vivid and natural, with originality. The inscription on the body of the pot is "imitation of Dongling style, Shenglaixue frankincense, Mingyuan", and the square seal of "Chen Mingyuan" in Lingyang script.
Yixing Zisha teapot is closely related to the formation of Japanese Sencha culture. At the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Zen Master Yinyuan of Fujian was invited by various temples in Nagasaki, Japan, to go to Japan to promote the Dharma, and later founded the Japanese Obaku School.
Zen Master Yinyuan brought the tea drinking method popular in the Ming Dynasty - Sencha to Japan. The tea sets he used were called "Five Vessels of Sencha", including tea stoves, sand pots, tea pots, teacups and teapots. The teapots refer to Yixing Zisha teapots , the pot is still preserved in the Wanfu Temple in Japan.
With the popularity of sencha, the supply of Yixing purple sand teapots is in short supply, and the Tokoname region of Japan imitated them. During the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty, Jin Shiheng, a purple sand artist, was invited by the Tokoname area of Japan to go to Japan to teach the production skills of Yixing purple sand teapots.
Yixing Zisha tea sets are also exported to Europe. Due to the high price and low availability, European locals have also begun to imitate Chinese tea sets. From the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 18th century, craftsmen in the Netherlands, Britain, Germany and other places successfully imitated Yixing purple sand ware.
The popularity of Yixing teapots led to the creation of European ceramic teapots, which set off a wave of "red porcelain", writing a wonderful chapter in the history of European ceramics.
Unearthed in the Ming Dynasty tomb in Ganlu Township, Wuxi in 1984, the owner of the tomb is Hua Shiyi, the grandson of Hua Taishi Huacha in the Ming Dynasty, and was buried in the second year of Chongzhen. The three-legged pot with Ruyi cover of Shi Dabin was unearthed in the tomb of Sun Huashiyi of Huacha.
After the three-legged pot with Ruyi pattern was unearthed, it was dried on the window sill of a farmer's household. Later, it attracted attention because the inscription of Dabin was exposed after cleaning. Afterwards, it was identified by experts from Wuxi, Suzhou, Shanghai, Yixing, etc. The pot and the tripod-footed round pot in the Zhangpu Museum of Fujian Province are recognized as one of Shi Dabin's standard wares.
Huishan Stone Spring is famous
Wuxi is located in the plain of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and there is no such thing as a high mountain. The Huishan Mountain in its jurisdiction is a branch of Tianmu Mountain, and the highest peak is only more than 300 meters. Since Zhanting in the Southern Dynasty built the Lishan Thatched Cottage at the eastern foot of Huishan Mountain, a number of famous temples, gardens and mountain dwellings have been built in Huishan.
During the mid-Tang Dynasty, Lu Yu came to Huishan and wrote "A Record of You Huishan Temple". Lu Yu was fond of tea all his life and was proficient in tea ceremony. According to legend, he appraised 20 kinds of spring water in the world, and decided that the water curtain water of Kangwang Valley in Lushan was the first, and the stone spring in Wuxi Huishan was the second.
Huishan Shiquan is a fissure spring, which is washed and filtered by Qianyan and infiltrated by pine roots. It is sweet and refreshing, suitable for making tea. Later generations called Huishan Spring Luzi Spring, also known as the Second Spring in the World (referred to as the Second Spring).
After the mid-Tang Dynasty, the trend of drinking tea became more and more popular, and Huishan Spring was favored by dignitaries and dignitaries. According to Tang Geng's "Dou Cha Ji" in the Song Dynasty, Li Deyu, the prime minister of the late Tang Dynasty, liked to drink Huishan spring water, and local officials specially set up post stations to transport Huishan spring water to Chang'an.
Huishan Spring is famous all over the world, and tea lovers from all over the world come to drink from the spring water. There are countless poems and paintings about Erquan tea making. In the exhibition, there is a picture of "Erquan Picture Scroll" by Wen Jia, the second son of Wen Zhengming, which depicts the scene of Wudi scholars visiting Huishan and admiring Erquan in Ming Dynasty.
It can be seen from the picture that the shape of Erquan in the middle and late Ming Dynasty is similar to that of the present, divided into upper pool, middle pool and lower pool, and Erquan Pavilion is built next to the spring pool. Wen Jia's picture is painted in small blue and green, with steady strokes, smooth dyeing, and a gloomy painting environment. From the inscription on the picture, it can be seen that this picture was painted in the Xinsi Year of Wanli (1581), and it was the work of Wen Jia in his later years. Behind the picture is Li Mengyang's seven-character regular script "Bong Xie Huishan Spring Poems". The calligraphy is rigorous and meticulous, with a strong bookish atmosphere.
Song Dynasty Li Zhaoqi's "Records of Baihe Spring" said: "Huishan is the center of the two Zhejiang provinces. Scholars and bureaucrats store poppy bottles, seal bamboo networks with sheaths, soak small stones in them, commit heavy rivers, travel thousands of miles, and reach the capital." People in the Song Dynasty "soaked small stones in it" to keep the spring water fresh by placing small stones in the water. Zhou Hui's "Qingbo Magazine" recorded a sand-washing preservation method, which uses fine sand to filter the water to remove its dusty smell, which is known as "unpacking and washing Huishan Spring".
Bamboo Stove Brewing Tea Gathering Celebrities
Among the literati tea parties of all dynasties, the tea party gathering around the bamboo stove in Huishan lasted for more than a hundred years, leaving a large number of poems, calligraphy and paintings. Bamboo tea stove is not only a utensil for making tea, but also a carrier for literati to express their emotions, with rich cultural connotations.
A bamboo tea stove originally collected in the Chonghua Palace in the Forbidden City is exhibited in this exhibition. This furnace is divided into upper and lower parts, the upper circle and the lower part are charcoal furnaces with mud walls inside and bamboo silk weaving outside; Woven hexagonal strip wrap. The Cho seat is made of copper and cast with decorations. There are red copper retainers on the top and bottom of the round and square furnaces, and the workmanship is exquisite and meticulous.